SpaceX's journey to Mars with its upcoming Red Dragon mission is going to cost around $320 million. The 2018 mission involves sending a Dragon capsule to the planet, which will give SpaceX valuable data about landing large payloads on Mars, which has a difficult atmosphere.
Chinese scientists will test the CRISPR gene editing technique in humans for the first time. A team at Sichuan University's West China Hospital (Chengdu) wants to see how altered cells can be used in the treatment of lung cancer. Tests are set to begin in August.
The International Space Station received SpaceX's Dragon capsule early this morning using its 57-foot robotic arm. Inside the capsule is gear for the astronauts, equipment for experiments, and parts for the station. The ISS crew will now unload around 5,000 pounds of gear.
Sensor-filled threaded sutures that can record measurements from your body during the healing process have been created by engineers at Tufts University. The sutures record pressure, stress, strain, temperature, pH, and glucose levels. All of the data can be sent wirelessly.
NASA has finalized the design of its Mars 2020 rover that will land on the planet to research the Martian surface. The rover is operating as the first step in a larger multi-mission campaign to collect and bring back samples. Samples will be used to look for signs of life.
Astronomers working on the Kepler project have confirmed 104 new exoplanets. This is the largest collection of planets Kepler has found as part of its K2 mission. In total, the spacecraft helped locate 1,284 planets during its first mission, which ended in 2013.
MeerKat, a large radio telescope installation featuring 16 satellite dishes, has provided us with a view of hundreds of previously unseen galaxies. The telescope, which is located in South Africa near Carnarvon, showed 1,300 galaxies in an area where 70 had been spotted before.
For the second time, SpaceX has landed one of its Falcon 9 rockets on solid ground without issue. The landing took place after the rocket launched a Dragon capsule towards the International Space Station. Inside the capsule is the International Docking Adapter.
SpaceX has picked the rocket it will reuse for the first time in a mission later this year. During a NASA presentation, the company revealed it would reuse the second rocket to make a successful landing. The first is likely going to end up in a museum.
NASA's Juno spacecraft has sent its first image from Jupiter's orbit, which it reached on July 4 after a five year journey of 1.74 billion miles. The craft's JunoCam was enabled on July 10 and the first image shows Jupiter's Great Red Spot and three of the planet's moons.
A company involved in genetically engineered spider silk has received a $100,000 contract from the US Army to see if its material can be used in armor. Kraig Biocraft is going to test the silk to see how it responds to basic material stressors over time.
Astronomers have discovered a new dwarf planet in the Kuiper Belt that's located beyond Pluto and is 20 times farther from the Sun than the planet Neptune. The dwarf planet, 2015 RR245, has an elliptical orbit around the Sun that takes 700 Earth years.
Flight tests of the Virgin Spaceship Unity are underway on the ground and the tests will soon move to the skies. Virgin Galactic plans to finish its ground tests in August prior to sending up the Unity. Complete flight tests are scheduled to begin in 2017.
An exoplanet (named HD 131399Ab) four times larger than Jupiter has been found orbiting three suns in the constellation Centaurus, which is located 340 light-years from our planet. During its 550-year journey, all three suns are visible in the sky half of the time.
Microsoft, together with researchers from the University of Washington, has stored 200 MB of data on synthetic DNA. The information was decoded and read without any issues. The data includes a music video, books, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Belgian researchers have built a sensor system ("electronic nose") that can detect very small concentrations of substances like nerve gas and pesticides. Ivo Stassen, the lead researcher, says the team looked towards odor receptors found in nature when designing the system.
In its second collaboration with the UK's National Health Service, Google's DeepMind division will help doctors detect eye diseases early. By analyzing over a million eye scans, DeepMind's machine learning will generate algorithms that can pick up on early warning signs.
After five years of heading towards the planet, NASA's Juno spacecraft has entered Jupiter's orbit. Once it was close to Jupiter, Juno's engines were activated and it began a complex 35-minute maneuver to get into place. Juno will take many pictures and measurements.
China has completed the world's largest radio telescope which it plans to use in the search for extraterrestrial life. The FAST telescope (Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope) is located in Guizhou. Work on the project began five years ago and FAST cost $180 million.
The simulation hypothesis, which suggests we're not actually living in a "real" world, is plausible, according to Tesla/SpaceX CEO Elon Musk. Speaking at the recent Code Conference, Musk said "there's a billion to one chance we're living in base reality."